Different Types Artisanal Coffee Beans
If you love high-quality brewed coffee seeds with extraordinary flavors, you already are an artisanal coffee lover. Just like grapes for wine, each bean is hand-picked at particular ranches, with explicit soil and even explicit heights. There are two main varieties of coffee beans grown in India: Arabica and Robusta.
Arabica is mild, more aromatic, has a higher market value, and is harvested between November and January. Robusta is used in making various blends because of its strength and is harvested between December and February. Let’s dig deeper and get to know these two types of coffee beans.
Originated in the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia, arabica has become the most popular type of coffee worldwide. It represents about 70% of the global production of coffee.
Kingdom of Kefa, present-day Ethiopia is where this arabica was born. In Kefa, the Oromo tribe crushed the beans and mixed them with fat to make spheres the size of ping pong balls and use them as stimulants.
When the bean crossed the red sea from Ethiopia to present-day Yemen, and lower Arabia it got its new name Arabica. Arab scholars are the first ones to make coffee from roasted coffee beans and documented that it helped them prolong their working hours. What started from Yemen spread to Egyptians, Turks, and then to the rest of the world.
Although Arabica contains less caffeine, it has an intricate aroma that resembles fruits, honey, and toasted bread. The reason for its popularity is the sweeter notes of chocolate and sugar and hints of berries.
Arabica is usually grown in high altitudes but can also be grown as low as sea levels. It takes about seven years for Arabica to fully mature. After two to four years of planting is when you finally see tiny, white fragrant flowers that resemble jasmine flowers.
Dark green berries begin to appear after pruning and they go from yellow to light red to the deep glossy red that we know as cherry. With an easy berry having two beans inside, they are ready to be plucked.
Now that we know how they are grown, let’s look at the different types of arabica coffee.
Some of the Different Kinds of Arabica Coffee
Arabica has four varieties: Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, and Catimor.
They’re large coffee trees that produce less coffee than other varieties and the yield tends to be lower and difficult. But what makes them the most loved variety is their sweetness and cupping ability. It has also adapted to multiple climates and has many sub-varieties such as Kona, and Blue Mountain.
It comes from the island of Bourbon in the 18th century. It reached Brazil in the late 19th century and spread around South and Middle America. Despite not being an excellent productive variety, it gives a good cup of coffee. It is famous for its deep, buttery, chocolate flavour and fruit overtones.
It’s a natural mutation of Bourbon and was created in Brazil in the 1930s. However, it is lower than bourbon which makes it more productive. It can range from having a sweet-soft taste to a tangy-sharp taste.
If you love nutty and herbal notes then Catimor may be the best choice for you. It’s a mix between Caturra and Timor and was created in Portugal in 1959. Due to Timor being a variety of Robusta, it has low acidity and bitter flavours.
Blue Mountain CoffeeNot a fan of bitterness? Blue mountain coffee will sweep you off your feet by being creamy, sweet, and lacking bitterness of any sort.
Robusta is the second most popular coffee in the world market. It is made from the seeds of a Coffea canephora plant.
Its origins lie in Africa and were identified in the 1800s in the sub-Saharan regions in the west and central parts of the country. The highest production of Robusta is now in Vietnam. It grows well in lower altitudes than arabica coffee making it easy for production.
Robusta’s bad rep comes from its bitter and pungent taste and sometimes even burnt rubber. That’s because of the high caffeine content. High-quality robustas have more flavour, that is they are more bitter and less acidic and serve as a perfect material for blends. When roasted right, it produces an earthy, grainy, and bitter flavour along with a hint of oak.
Unlike Arabica Robusta can handle extreme temperatures, full sunshine and prove to be resilient against diseases and pests. But it needs a lot of water to sustain itself. In prime conditions, it can rise as high as 30 feet. Like other coffee plants, the flowers are white and may take just six months from flowering to produce a viable crop.
Choosing the Right Coffee Bean
If you’re not a coffee hobbyist, you may find it hard to get the best coffee beans. So how do you know which ones are the best?
- Buy it as freshly roasted as possible and check for the roast label on the packet.
- Choose a blend if you want to drink your coffee with milk or single origin for a black coffee.
- Be careful about the origin of coffee. Choose central or south American for clean, Africa for fruity, and Asia for earthy.
- If you want a clean and bright taste, go for unwashed coffee. Whereas if you prefer a bold fruity and wine taste then naturally processed coffee is the best.
There you go. That’s how you choose your coffee and make it delicious.
What’s The Difference Between Arabica And Robusta?
Arabica and Robusta differ in shape, plant size, cultivation, and taste. Robusta has more caffeine as compared to Arabica and carries a bitter taste. Arabica has a lower yield but makes up for it in terms of sweet, less acidic, and chocolaty taste. When it comes to popularity and preference Arabica takes the medal with a whopping 70% population loving it more.